White House to Relax Energy Efficiency Rules for Light Bulbs

“The Energy Department flat out got it wrong today,” said Jason Hartke, president of the Alliance to Save Energy, a nonprofit coalition of business and environmental groups.”The trade association for companies that make light bulbs applauded the Energy Department’s decision. Read more »

Get Vaccinated or Leave School: 26,000 N.Y. Children Face a Choice

Vance-Pauls, along with the parents of about 26,000 other New York children who previously had obtained religious exemptions to vaccinations, are facing a moment of reckoning.On Tuesday, Mayor Bill de Blasio declared an end to the measles outbreak in New York City, its epicenter. Read more »

How to Get TB Patients to Take Their Pills? Persistent Texting and a ‘Winners Circle’

ImageA patient in the Nix tuberculosis trial receiving medication at Sizwe Hospital in Johannesburg.Doctors say getting patients to take the medications, which can have unpleasant side effects, is one of the barriers to eradicating the disease. Read more »

Sally Floyd, Who Helped Things Run Smoothly Online, Dies at 69

ImageThe computer scientist Sally Floyd in an undated photo.Though not readily visible to internet users, it helps traffic on the network flow smoothly during periods of overload. Read more »

Squirrels Relax When They Hear Birds Relaxing

Science|Squirrels Relax When They Hear Birds RelaxingTrilobitesScientists show that squirrels have one ear tuned to the chatter of birds, and act on what they learn from eavesdropping.Researchers at Oberlin College reported Wednesday in the scientific journal PLoS One that squirrels pay attention not only to alarm calls, as many animals do, but also to the background chatter of birds, and that they relax a bit when the birds sound relaxed. Read more »

What Will Turn Hurricane Dorian? How Wide Is the Eye? Your Questions Answered.

, on Tuesday as Hurricane Dorian approached the Florida coastline.[Here is the latest coverage of Hurricane Dorian] What makes a hurricane change course? Read more »

Behold Mortichnia, the Death Trail of an Ancient Worm

So did its near-final resting place, creating a mortichnia: a body preserved with its final “death march.Other trilobites had hardened skeletons and a distinct head, body and tail, whereas Yilingia “was rather wormy,” with a soft, strap-like body, Dr. Read more »

Johns Hopkins Opens New Center for Psychedelic Research

”On Wednesday, Johns Hopkins Medicine announced the launch of the Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research, to study compounds like LSD and psilocybin for a range of mental health problems, including anorexia, addiction and depression.“This is an exciting initiative that brings new focus to efforts to learn about mind, brain and psychiatric disorders by studying the effects of psychedelic drugs,” Dr. Read more »

How Has Climate Change Affected Hurricane Dorian?

3, 2019The links between hurricanes and climate change are complex, but some aspects are getting clearer.While it’s common to hear the question, “Was it caused by climate change? Read more »

Sahara-Level Sand Dunes, Mediterranean-Blue Water: Welcome to Michigan

ImageRacing down the “Dune Climb,” a 300-foot sand dune, is one of the most popular activities in an off-the-radar corner of northwest Michigan called Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore.ImageClouds over Lake Michigan and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, one of the dramatic vistas seen from the park’s Empire Bluff Trail. Read more »

A Creative Force in Understanding Genes

Twice in her life, Edith Heard has transformed scientific understanding.In her second, she revealed important information about how parts of the genome fold in space, allowing some genes to be activated and others silenced. Read more »

Weight-Loss Surgery May Reduce Heart Risks in People With Type 2 Diabetes

ImageWeight-loss surgery should be the preferred treatment for Type 2 diabetes in certain patients with obesity, one expert suggested.The scientists then identified 11,435 control patients with obesity and diabetes for comparison — five times the number of surgery patients. Read more »

These High-Flying Geese Are ‘the Astronauts of the Bird World’

Science|These High-Flying Geese Are ‘the Astronauts of the Bird World’TrilobitesBar-headed geese migrate above 26,000 feet.ETEach year, bar-headed geese migrate over the Himalayas from India, at sea level, to the Tibetan highlands in China and Mongolia. Read more »

The Hospital Treated These Patients. Then It Sued Them.

Melissa Suggs, a spokeswoman for Carlsbad Medical Center, declined requests for interviews about the hospital’s debt collection practices.Uninsured patients will now receive “discounts” that will bring down their bills roughly to Medicaid reimbursement rates, the hospital said. Read more »

Dr. Donald Lindberg, 85, Dies; Opened Medical Research to the World

As director of the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library, he digitized its holdings to make them available to experts globally.After several moves, it landed permanently on the sprawling campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda in 1962. Read more »

White Barn Owls Thrive When Hunting in Bright Moonlight

Science|White Barn Owls Thrive When Hunting in Bright MoonlightTrilobitesSomething about the light from a full moon shining on the frightening face of a barn owl makes voles freeze a bit too long.They and other scientists reported in Nature Ecology and Evolution on Monday that they expected the white owls to do worse. Read more »

The Mysterious Vaping Illness That’s ‘Becoming an Epidemic’

ImageVaping, said Dr.“We’ve run all these tests looking for bacteria, looking for viruses and coming up negative,” said Dr. Read more »

Major Climate Change Rules the Trump Administration Is Reversing

29, 2019ImageThe Trump administration has undone dozens of environmental regulations since Mr.Half of those environmental rollback attempts, like the new methane reversal, will undercut efforts by previous administrations to reduce emissions and fight climate change. Read more »

Hospitals Should Replace Infection-Prone Scopes With Safer Models, F.D.A. Says

to force manufacturers to make the scopes safer and easier to decontaminate — or to take them off the market.”Still, he said, health care facilities should “begin developing a transition plan to replace conventional duodenoscopes,” and, if they are making purchases, invest in newer models with disposable components. Read more »

Can Genetics Explain Why Some People Thrive on Less Sleep?

ImageResearchers have identified a gene that has a direct bearing on how much sleep people need.“The problem is, we know so little about what sleep really is and what it’s for,” said Dr. Read more »